¿Qué es Deuda Eterna? El juego que te enseña a negociar con el Fondo Monetario Internacional
Deuda Eterna: A Classic Board Game from Cuba
If you are looking for a fun and educational board game that challenges your economic and political skills, you might want to try Deuda Eterna. Deuda Eterna, which means Eternal Debt in Spanish, is a classic board game from Cuba that simulates the real-life situation of Latin America. In this article, we will tell you what Deuda Eterna is, how it was created, how to play it, and how to enjoy it online.
What is Deuda Eterna?
Deuda Eterna is a board game that was created in Cuba in the late 1980s by a group of economists, sociologists, and journalists. The game aims to raise awareness about the economic and social problems that affect Latin America, such as poverty, inequality, corruption, foreign debt, and imperialism. The game also encourages critical thinking, cooperation, and solidarity among the players.
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The origin and history of the game
The idea of Deuda Eterna came from a Cuban journalist named José Luis Toledo Santander, who was inspired by the Monopoly game. He wanted to create a game that would reflect the reality of Latin America, where the players would not compete for wealth, but for survival. He gathered a team of experts and developed the game over several years. The game was first published in 1989 by Editorial Gente Nueva, a Cuban publishing house for children and young people. The game was very popular in Cuba and other countries, especially after the fall of the Soviet Union, which caused a severe economic crisis in Cuba. The game was also translated into several languages, such as English, French, Portuguese, and German.
The objective and rules of the game
The objective of Deuda Eterna is to achieve economic independence and social justice for Latin America. The game can be played by 2 to 6 players, who represent different countries or regions of Latin America. Each player has a board with 12 properties that produce different commodities, such as coffee, bananas, oil, or iron. Each property has a value and a production cost. The players also have cards that represent events, such as natural disasters, social movements, or political interventions.
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The game is divided into two phases: production and trade. In the production phase, each player rolls a dice and moves their pawn on their board. Depending on where they land, they can produce commodities, pay taxes, receive subsidies, or face events. In the trade phase, each player can sell their commodities to other players or to the North American market. However, the North American market is controlled by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which sets the prices and imposes conditions on the trade. The IMF also lends money to the players with high interest rates and demands repayment every turn.
The game ends when one player or a group of players manages to pay off their debt to the IMF and build at least two national industries and two multinational industries on each property. Alternatively, the game ends when all players go bankrupt or when the IMF runs out of money.
The components and design of the game
Deuda Eterna consists of six boards, one for each player; six pawns; one dice; 60 commodity tokens; 60 event cards; 24 property cards; money bills; and an instruction booklet. The game has a colorful and cartoonish design that contrasts with the serious and complex theme. The game also has a lot of humor and satire that mocks the IMF and its policies.
How to play Deuda Eterna online?
If you want to play Deuda Eterna but you don't have access to the physical version of the game, you can still enjoy it online. Playing online has some advantages over playing offline, such as:
You can play with people from all over the world who share your interest in the game.
You can play anytime and anywhere, as long as you have an internet connection and a device that supports the game.
You can save your progress and resume your game later.
You can customize your game settings, such as the number of players, the difficulty level, and the language.
To play Deuda Eterna online, you will need to download the APK file of the game, which is a format for Android devices. You can find the APK file on various websites, such as [Deuda Eterna - Inicio](^2^) or [Deuda Eterna Board Game BoardGames.com Your source for everything ...](^3^). However, be careful to download from trusted sources and scan the file for viruses before installing it. Alternatively, you can use an emulator program on your computer, such as BlueStacks or NoxPlayer, to run the APK file.
Once you have installed the game on your device or emulator, you can launch it and start playing. You will see a menu with different options, such as New Game, Load Game, Settings, Help, and Exit. You can choose to play solo or with other players online. You can also choose to play with the original rules or with some variations, such as changing the currency or the market prices. You can also select the language of the game, which is available in Spanish, English, French, Portuguese, and German.
The online version of Deuda Eterna has the same components and design as the physical version, except that everything is digital and interactive. You can move your pawn, roll the dice, buy and sell commodities, draw cards, pay debts, and build industries with simple clicks or taps. You can also chat with other players and exchange messages or emojis. The game will keep track of your score and your debt level, as well as the time and the turn order.
The tips and strategies to win online
Playing Deuda Eterna online can be challenging and fun, but also frustrating and unfair. The game is designed to show how difficult it is for Latin America to achieve economic independence and social justice under the influence of the IMF and its policies. Therefore, you will need to use your skills and luck to overcome the obstacles and win the game. Here are some tips and strategies that might help you:
Plan ahead and budget wisely. You will need to balance your income and expenses, as well as your production and trade. You will also need to save some money for emergencies or opportunities.
Cooperate and negotiate with other players. You will benefit from forming alliances and trading with other players who share your goals and values. You can also try to persuade or pressure other players to join your cause or to oppose the IMF.
Be creative and flexible. You will face many events that will affect your game, such as natural disasters, social movements, or political interventions. You will need to adapt to the changing circumstances and use your resources wisely.
Be aware and critical of the IMF. The IMF is your main adversary in the game, as it controls the market prices, imposes conditions on your trade, lends you money with high interest rates, and demands repayment every turn. You will need to resist its influence and challenge its authority.
Have fun and learn from the game. Deuda Eterna is not only a game but also a tool for education and awareness. You will learn about the economic and social problems that affect Latin America, as well as the history and culture of its people. You will also develop your economic and political skills, as well as your critical thinking, cooperation, and solidarity.
Deuda Eterna is a classic board game from Cuba that simulates the real-life situation of Latin America. The game was created in the late 1980s by a group of experts who wanted to raise awareness about the economic and social problems that affect Latin America, such as poverty, inequality, corruption, foreign debt, and imperialism. The game also encourages critical thinking, cooper